WHILE scientists are still struggling to explain exactly what a black hole is, they are now examining the possibility of a counter to the mysterious entities – white holes.
What scientists do know about black holes is that they are a point in space where the gravity is so intense that not even light can escape – meaning that they are impossible to see, even with modern technology.
While nothing in regards to black holes is currently certain, experts believe that once information is inside a black hole, it is lost forever – even though this goes against the laws of physics.
Another thing in regards to black hole where the laws of physics are thrown out of the window is at the event horizon of a black hole – the point at which nothing can escape from its pull in what is known as a singularity.
As is often the case with singularities in the universe – with the only other being the Big Bang where it is impossible to explain with current scientific methods – there is often a piece of the puzzle missing.
Which is where white holes come into the equation.
Some believe that theoretical white holes could simply be ancient black holes which have begun spewing out all of the matter and information that they sucked up over time, meaning that the information might not be gone for good.
Another theory is that white holes could be the portal of black holes from other dimensions. White holes would be the stark opposites of black holes, with an unfathomable amount of matter and information pouring out of them – but this must come from somewhere.
The multiverse theory states that our universe might not be the only one in existence, but rather that there are an infinite number of universes.
All universes would likely be the similar in their make-up meaning that they too would have black holes and white holes. White holes could have caused the Big Bang. If black holes are sucking anything that comes close into them in one universe, everything that is being taken in in one cosmos could be being poured out in another.
This could even go towards explaining the Big Bang.
If in another universe a supernova occurred, resulting in a black hole, a white hole may have been the birth of our universe, with the matter falling out of that universe to create ours. Nikodem Poplawski, a theoretical physicist from the University of New Haven, wrote for InsideScience.org: “What started the big bang? What caused inflation to end? What is the source of the mysterious dark energy that is apparently causing the universe to speed up its expansion?”
The Polish physicist describes black holes as a “kiln” of the universe. When this seed is at the bottom, and with the black hole twisting at almost the speed of light, the tiny seed becomes twisted and compressed, until it suddenly explodes, giving birth to everything that we know.
He adds: “Torsion therefore provides a theoretical foundation for a scenario in which the interior of every black hole becomes a new universe.”